When did the Vietnam War start?

Since there never was a declaration of war and American military advisers were present very early in Vietnam, the commencement date of the Vietnam War is a matter for debate.

Some view December 1956 when Hanoi authorized a low-level insurgency in South Vietnam as the start date, while some consider September 26, 1959 when the first battle between the North communist and South Vietnamese forces occurred. Some argue it should be on June 8, 1956 when U.S. Air Force Technical Sergeant Richard B. Fitzgibbon Jr. died – the first casualty listed on the Wall. Others insist that the war only started since the first official U.S. combat operations in Vietnam which were the air strikes during the Gulf of Tonkin incident on August 5, 1964.

On November 06, 1998, after an extensive review of qualifying criteria, the Department of Defense (DoD) officially lists American deaths in Vietnam from November 1, 1955  – which, in other words, could be now considered as the start date of the Vietnam War or Vietnam conflict, to be precise. That was the day when the Vietnamese Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) was created from the Indochina MAAG, which had been established since 1950 under President Harry Truman.

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  • Lyndsey Turner

    Thanks for this website!